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German historians are compiling a register of 9,000 mentally ill people killed by the Nazis as part of Hitler’s euthanasia policy. Berlin’s Freie University and Brandenburg’s memorial trust are leading the project.

Hitler first outlined his Nazi euthanasia campaign, which would later be called Operation T4, in his book “Mein Kampf.” Believed to have claimed 70,000 victims between January 1940 and August 1941 alone, the idea behind Operation T4 was disseminated through Nazi propaganda films depicting the mentally or terminally ill as “useless mouths to feed.”

Financed by the German lottery, the university in Berlin and the state of Brandenburg’s memorial trust, which is located in the town of Brandenburg, have decided to lead the one year project because they feel the issue of euthanasia during Hitler’s reign has not received the proper attention it deserves.

“We have wanted to do this for years, but the state archives and many of the necessary information sources only became available after German re-unification,” said Guenter Morsch, a researcher at the Brandenburg memorial trust.

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