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The Oregon Death with Dignity Act (DWDA),  passed by referendum in 1998, allows terminally ill Oregonians who meet specific qualifications to end their lives through voluntary self-administration of a lethal dose of medications prescribed by a physician for that purpose.

 In 2021, 383 people were reported to have received prescriptions
under the DWDA. As of January 21, 2022, 238 people had died in 2021 from ingesting the prescribed medications, including 20 who had received prescriptions in previous years. Demographic characteristics of DWDA patients were similar to those of previous years: most patients were aged 65 years or older (81%) and white (95%).

The most common diagnosis was cancer (61%), followed by neurological disease (15%) and heart disease (12%).

From 2022 the residency requirement was scrapped.

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